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184                                    VEUDICT  OX IXDIA
Japanese. To quote Dr. Ambedkar, who certainly should know :
' It is like a race in armaments between two hostile nations. If
the Hindus have the Benares University, the Muslims must have
the Aligarh University; if the Hindus start one movement the
Muslims launch another; if the Hindus have the R.S.S.1 the
Muslims reply by organizing the Khaksars.2 This race in social
armament and equipment is run with the determination and
apprehension of nations which are 011 the war path. The Muslims
fear that the Hindus are subjugating them ; the Hindus feel that
the Muslims are engaged in reconquering them. Both appear to
be preparing for war.*3
A longing to live together ?
So far we have principally considered the Muslims* insistence
on then: difference from the Hindus. But in spite of Gandhi\
perpetual theme song of the unity of 'India' and the common
nationality of 'Indians,' there are vast bodies of Hindu opinion
that are equally insistent on the differences between Hindus and
Here, for example, is the typical viewpoint of Hindu orthodoxy
as represented by the Mahasabha, a powerful political party which
contains many of the best brains of right wing Hinduism. In a
recent presidential address, Mr. V. D. Savarkar aroused great
applause by asserting:
*In India we Hindus are marked out as an abiding Nation by
ourselves. Not only do we own a common fatherland, a territorial
unity, but what is scarcely found anywhere else in the world, we
have a common Holy Land which is identified with our common
fatherland. Our Patriotism therefore is doubly sure. We have
common affinitiesócultural, religious, historical, linguistic, and
racial, which through the process of countless centuries of associa-
tion, have moulded us into a homogeneous Nation. The Hindus
are no treaty nationóbut an organic national being.'4
Where, precisely, do the Muslims fit into this somewhat exclusive
picture ? The answer, of course, is that they don't. The Mahasabha
neither likes them, wants them, nor acknowledges them. As far
* Hindu Volunteer Corps.                              3 Muslim Volunteer Corps.
* Thoughts on Pakistan, p. 242.
* Speech at Calcutta Session of Hindu Mahasabha, December 1939.